Friday, July 26, 2013

Industry consolidation with worldwide competition is putting today's equipments and maintenance strategies under intense financial pressure, which makes operations and maintenance budgets to be among the first to be cut. Greater productivity and economic benefits are possible when operators have the desired tools and real-time information to continuously optimize economic factors for the loops they control, as well as to reduce costs. Many of the factors that affect industrial plant economics change frequently from raw material costs to market demand for part and equipment outputs. In an ideal world, operators would constantly select energy and feedstock sources, product mix, equipment used, and other variables to optimize the economic performance of the plant. In the real world, however, operators may not always have the real-time feedback data on the economic effect of their actions. At this point, plant users and operators are unaware that they're losing millions of dollars by running the plant at sub-optimal operating points. Even with the available information at their disposal, they may not have the relevant tools needed to evaluate complex interactions between variables, or to determine the best operating points before conditions change again.

Predictive maintenance, abnormal situation prevention, optimum selection, early detection of failures, reliable troubleshooting, economic optimization, and monitoring strategies offer clear productivity and cost benefits. But predicting potential problems and the effect of changing conditions requires a constant flow of real-time information, not just about the process, but also about the myriad pieces of processes, parts and equipments that make it work. That is something traditional automation architectures can't easily provide. The control system can't show you much more than the process variable and any associated trends and alarms. There is no way to monitor real-time equipment health or reliability and thus no way to detect the early-warning signals of potential problems.

In order to prevent problems before they occur, many industries have come to rely on preventive maintenance, through minimizing unexpected downtime by performing inspections, parts replacement, and other maintenance activities, at predetermined intervals. Clearly, the downside to preventive maintenance is cost, even for a problem as common as changing an engine's oil, there is no definitive evidence, or consensus on the best time to perform maintenance.
Knowing the health and reliability status of an operating machine, equipment, part and process reaches beyond the functions of traditional reliability centered maintenance, and affects a part's or equipment's entire life, which involves the integration of design, manufacturing, operation and maintenance events. This is the question that drives the author to providing a sustainable solution through integrated reliability monitoring, maintenance and repairs of industrial parts and equipments with Technological Inheritance Model-based Software Program.

Technological Inheritance technique is the transference of the optimum quality characteristics of parts from an initial part surface finish operation to the final life cycle operation of equipments. The technique is used to eliminate negative traits and failures, while maximizing the positive quality characteristics of parts, processes and equipments.

With the use of Technological Inheritance Model-based software, there is a far greater chance that the product will be introduced to the market on time, be accepted, operate reliably, maintained cost effectively and be profitable.

The best way therefore to select life cycle components in operation and maintenance projects is the use of technological inheritance model-based software program. As the operation and maintenance project progresses from the initial stage to final stage technological inheritance model-based software can therefore be used to select, validate and verify project productivity towards reliability, functionality, viability and sustainability.

Sunday, July 14, 2013

Updating your computer's drivers can be a difficult, and a time consuming task. Doing it manually can take hours just to find one driver update, and then it can take even longer to install correctly if you do not know exactly what you are doing. Although in most cases, this is actually what you have to do, there is some better ways to go around doing it. I am going to explain some methods you can use which will not only speed up the process of updating your computers drivers, but give you way more variety, and choice.

Driver Update Software

Believe it or not, but there are actually softwares which run on your computer which their whole purpose is to find updates for the drivers on your computer, and update them automatically. This in my opinion is the easiest, most effective, and fastest way to update the drivers on your computer. However, the best and most efficient programs do cost money. It is most certainly worth it though if you are serious about updating your computer.

Your probably wondering though, which is the best driver update software, well searching the internet for reviews, and ratings is a great methods of finding which ones are the best, work really well. You should beware when selecting driver updating software's, as unfortunately some of them are scams simply because they don't actually update the drivers on your computer. Don't be alarmed though, as there is a large number of them which are fully legit, and do exactly what they say they do.

Developers Website

Rather than searching the search engines for a driver update for an endless amount of hours, you can go to the actual driver developers website to see if the update is available for download on their website. 99% of the time, the update for the driver will be available on the developers website, however you may occasionally come across a time when none are made visibly available, or are extremely hard to find. In this case, you should try another method of updating your computers drivers.

However as you would expect, using this method has a range of bad points such as you will have to install the update manually, and you will have to have a decent amount of computer knowledge to fully install it correctly. If you are not the best on computers or are having troubles doing this method, then your best bet is to use a driver update software which does it all for you.

Search Engines

Although, in my opinion, this is a last resort, this can still be a very effective way of finding an update for a driver on the internet. To see best results, you should use search terms such as "[DRIVER NAME] driver update" to find a possible update. Always be sure you are downloading a driver from a trusted source though, as unfortunately there are people on the internet who will deliberately make mis-leading or fake updates. The two methods I have mentioned before are way better than this in my opinion though, and this one should only be used in some cases.

If none of these methods lead you to a possible update for your driver, then the chances are that there probably isn't even a driver update available in the first place! Almost all of the time, these methods will lead you to a driver update though.

These are by far the most effective ways to help you find a driver update, and are the most time efficient too. Always use these methods when trying to find a driver update if you want best results, and don't have hours to spare looking for a single driver download on the internet!

Friday, July 5, 2013

Areas of Work

Hardware refers to computer chips, circuit boards, computer systems, and related equipment such as keyed equipment such as keyboards, modems, and printers. The work of computer hardware engineers is very similar to that of electronics engineers, but unlike them, computer hardware engineers work with computers and computer-related equipment exclusively.

Hardware jobs include production and service engineers, R&D and maintenance engineers. Most trained engineers are employed by the computer equipment manufacturers. For this job, a very specialized training is required and that can only be acquired in postgraduate course of computer engineering and technology. A diploma in a specialized branch of engineering with special emphasis on training for specific jobs and work experience may be adequate as qualifications only for some jobs.

Technology related to computers is changing very rapidly; hence there are exciting challenges for the computer professionals in hardware. They can learn new things, experiment and evolve new techniques or hardware for solving information processing problems. Engineers in R&D or servicing do not have a long hierarchical ladder to climb as compared to the software personnel. However, prospects and work remain challenging even after several years as an engineer.

Designing computers

The rapid advances in computer technology are largely a result of the research, development, and design efforts of computer hardware engineers. Thus, hardware engineering is all about designing, developing and implementing solutions.

Electronic and computer engineers work on developing new designs and modifying earlier ones. They need to be aware of the latest trends, products and developments in electronic technology both in India and abroad. Their job is to ensure that their company builds the most advanced machines at reasonable costs. Work in hardware can also be in research and development. They may work on chip, circuit design, computer architecture or the design of devices that are not a part of the computer but work with it, such as a printer. R&D may also be in peripheral integration, e.g., making a printer works with the companies computer. Having developed the product, a fair amount of time is spent on controlling product quality and reliability. Engineers who design and develop computers only work for the big manufacturers. They are based at the company's head office or its manufacturing unit.

Chip Design

Chips and processors are now used in almost everything - from aerospace to computers, complex electronic gadgets to everyday appliances, mobile phones, dishwashers and so on. And it's the Very Large Scale Integration (VLSI) design engineer's efforts that make these work. They conceive and design minuscule chips of silicon wafers and with architecture of these sends them for manufacturing.

India is emerging as a very large-scale integrated (VLSI) chip design house. Engineering design services could be a gold mine of opportunity for India. The potential is across multiple domains like architecture development, chip design, synthesis, verification, test, physical design, and manufacturability and so on.

The integrated circuit (chip) design industry is pegged to grow into a multi-million dollar market in India. The investments required are heavy. A wafer fabrication plant requires investments, in the range of $2 billion. US-based engineering giant Emerson the UK-based Invensys are contributing significantly to the growth of this industry in India.

Semiconductor design has moved from hardware to software. Instead of drawing the design, it is described in a language called Verilog that generates a design. Chip design is a high-end area with good growth potential in areas like design verification. India will need between 15,000-20,000 engineers with chip design skills by 2005. Nasscom estimates 20,000 jobs in this area.

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